Taking pictures now seems to be the main hobby that we all have in common because technology has made itself readily available to take a picture on a moment’s notice.  However, not all of us are skilled in the art of doing this.  Also, we also feel like snapping a photo with a cell phone is nothing compared to a real camera but that’s not true and in some ways it is not.  However, there are plenty of aspects to this craft that have nothing to do with the quality of your camera. Take a look at all of the rules that every beginning photographer needs to know:

1. Break the rules.

This list will provide you with some essentials but the trick is to let them go whenever necessary.

2. Focus then frame.

Be sure to put your object in focus first and then frame the shot.

3. Focus on the eyes.

Making sure these are in focus ensures that the rest of the picture is in focus as well.

4. Make mistakes.

This is how we learn!

5. The exposure trifecta.

Master the shutter speed, aperture, and ISO settings of your camera.

6. Always be ready!

These sorts of photos can only happen if you are prepared.

7. A wider aperture makes your subject pop.

An aperture size around f/2.8 to f/5.6 will make the background blurred out making your subject stand out.

8. Matching shutter speed
to the lens focal length.

This will prevent blurry pictures.

 9. Straighten and crop when editing.

This is a habit that we should all be doing.

10. Remove camera shake.

You can do this by increasing your ISO and opening up your aperture allows for quicker shutter speeds but it can also be done by holding the camera properly to keep it from moving too much.

11. Use both eyes.

Looking through the range finder with both eyes open will help you to anticipate the action shots and also connect with your subject as well.

12. Exposure compensation.

This is a feature that you can use in your camera just in case your subject is too bright or too dark.

13. Photograph what you love.

This seems like a simple tip but it’s effective!

14. Use Reflections.

A good can increase a photo’s potential.

Image Source

15. Use the “golden hour” to your benefit.

Lighting is important and so using natural, beautiful lighting can transform  your photography for the better.

16. Get a reflector.

In doing so, you can create a much more appetizing shot!

Without one:

With one:

17. Get the fireworks.

Get a close seat and be ready for the best moments.

18. Window light.

This is often the best lighting for portraits.

19. A pet’s personality.

Wait for a moment that makes you recognize your dog’s personality in a photo!

20. Landscape tips.

Be sure to capture the vastness of the space while also telling a story about it.

21. Party pics.

Try using a wide lens to capture the most activity.

22. Paint with light.

This is a fun an interactive way to take amazing photos.

23. Cropping sensor.

This gives you more frame to set the shot.

24. A prime lens for more creativity.

Ditching the zoom can actually help you position yourself better for a picture.

25. Don’t blow into your camera to clean it.

This usually makes things worse!

26. Focus on the gear that you have.

Some people like to run out and buy more before using what they already have.

27. Lots of space on lots of cards.

Don’t put all of your precious pictures on one, giant memory card just in case it corrupts.

28. Megapixels don’t mean better shots.

It’s more important to focus on the quality of the picture than the amount of megapixels that you can get.

29. Get filters.

Protects your lenses from scratching.

30. Rule of thirds.

Break down each photo into a grid like this:

31. Change your perspective.

Not every picture is at eye level.  Look all around you!

32. Selective framing.

Doing so will make more of an impact.

33. Go vertical.

Don’t forget to turn your camera for these taller shots.

34. Use leading lines.

This will help give a direction to your photos.

35. Depth is important too.

Wider lenses or getting closer to your subject achieves this.

36. Learn composition from the masters.

Take your inspiration from those who know this well.

37. Give it some space.

Make the picture about the whole action that is taking place.

38. Fill the frame.

You don’t always need to crop if you’re capable of filling it with everything that is good.

39. Isolate the details.

This sets a mood for your picture.

40. Change it all up!

Now, throw all of these rules away and do the exact opposite!

41. Learn the histogram.

This will keep you from overexposing your shots.

Image Source

42. Shoot in Raw and JPEG.

This allows you to make changes to any of the raw files if you need to later.

43. Use burst mode.

This will take continuous photos for those unpredictable shots.

44. Use the best shooting mode.

Knowing the different modes of your camera can make all of the difference.

45. Don’t use your flash as the only light source.

Be care not to rely too much on this.  Try natural and other lighting instead.

46. Use the automatic modes often.

This takes the pressure off of you in a lot of ways.

47. White balance setting.

Make sure that you are changing these setting to meet your needs.